Credit: Sarah Crowley
Hey, this is a safe space. It’s okay to admit that while it’s 2021, and words like “sustainability” and “recycled,” and “green living” can be found everywhere from fashion brands to your favorite magazine, people still create trash. Zero waste, while being something to strive for, is not necessarily possible for everyone. And for those new to the sustainable lifestyle, attempting the switch to zero waste can be an overwhelming and daunting task to take on all at once. People are still learning, and over time, each small change you make can help make a larger, lasting impact on the environment.
If you want to watch your waste, here are a few ways to be better with the trash you do produce.
Make product switches.
Christen Bradbury, owner of Love the Earth Co. and a self-taught environmentalist, suggests first starting by paying attention to the packaging your preferred goods come in and where you can, make switches to truly recyclable, reusable, or compostable options.
“For example, choosing products that have recyclable or compostable packaging (for example, bar soap wrapped in cardboard rather than liquid soap in a plastic bottle), filling up on food and cleaning staples at your local bulk store using BYO containers , and choosing chocolate wrapped in foil rather than plastic,” she says. “This will lead to you send more things to the recycle and compost bins.”
Be aware of what you are throwing away.
Did you know items like batteries, electronics, light bulbs, and paint are restricted from landfills because they are too dangerous to introduce to soil and waterways? Bradbury explained that those items (and other items like them) often have designated drop points so they can be processed properly.
To find out what to do with these items in your area, call your local solid waste district to find out if your community has a collection program or upcoming collection event. If you don’t want to call, a quick Google search with the terms “recycle light bulbs near me” or “recycle paint near me” will give you information on drop-off spots in your area. For example, Home Depot has a spot to drop off batteries, as the home improvement store has partnered with Call2Recycle, a non-profit battery recycling program.
Which leads to the next tip…
Credit: Sarah Crowley
Have different waste bins for different items (and label them!).
It can be hard to remember what items can go in the trash, what can be recycled, and what shouldn’t even go into your trash can. (Plus this can change from place to place.) Josh Prigge, an environmental sustainability professional and zero waste expert for over 10 years, suggests checking the website of your waste and recycling service providers.
“Key information to look for is a list of acceptable recycled and composted materials, hazardous waste pick-up/drop-off services, incentives for composting and recycling, and added costs for overflowing bins,” he says. “These requirements, services, incentives, and penalties will be different depending on where you live.”
Then make signs for your household that indicate what items go in which containers, and the accepted recycling materials. This way, when those in your home (guests included) go to throw something away, no thought is really needed — the information is right there in front of you.
“Also make sure that each item that ends up in the recycling bin is clean,” says Prigge. “If a pizza box has grease on it; the part with grease cannot be recycled.”
Credit: Sarah Crowley
Compost food waste instead of throwing it in the trash.
According to Natalie Lennick, founder of Green Ablutions, food waste accounts for 22 percent of the trash that ends up in landfills. One of the largest impacts consumers can have on landfills is to compost that waste instead of throwing it in the garbage. Fruit and vegetable waste, tea and coffee grinds, cereal, bread, and even paper and yard trimmings can be mixed together to make compost at home.
“Food waste can be converted to compost making a nutrient-rich food for your garden and plants,” says Lennick. “Homeowners can start by making a pile in the yard with discarded fruit and vegetable waste. City dwellers can participate with small indoor or balcony composting bins.”
For those unable to compact at home, Lennick recommends finding local grocery stores or farmer’s markets that offer a pickup/drop-off service. Community gardens will take food waste donations too.
“Commercial facilities will also accept fish, meat, and compostable straws/cups/silverware which won’t break down in-home units,” says Lennick. “The only place composting doesn’t happen is in landfills due to their lack of oxygen and low temperatures .”
Read more: Two Times “Biodegradable” Doesn’t Actually Mean Biodegradable
Use services like Ridwell or Terracycle
Yes, Goodwill won’t take your old underwear, but that doesn’t mean it has to go in the trash. From hole-filled jeans (not the fashionable kind) to broken string lights from your Christmas trees, mail-in services like Ridwell or Terracycle take things commonly thought to be unusable.
Terracycle , for example, will send you boxes, pouches, or pallets so that you can collect glass, batteries and paint (see tip number two), metal, cooking oil, and even disposable masks, among others, and then send the items to them to deal with. You can receive pouches for individual items—like if you’re a cigarette smoker, you can get a Zero Waste pouch for cigarette butts. This goes for e-cigs too! Even better, they offer a Zero Waste Box, which Terracycle calls the “all-in-one recycling solution.” With the Zero Waste Box, you recycle any waste stream including but not limited to magazines, e-waste, eyewear, shipping materials, and clothes. Simply toss the accepted items in the box and mail when full.
Trash, made easy.